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Bibliography



AN OLD NORSE RELIGION BIBLIOGRAPHY

Journals: Abbreviations:
MM: Maal og Minne, ANF: Arkiv för nordisk filologi, DS: Danske Studier

General myth
Burkert, Walter, Structure and history in Greek mythology and ritual (Berkeley, 1979)
Dundes, Alan, ed. Sacred Narrative (Berkeley, 1994)
Eliade, Mircea, Cosmos and history: the myth of the eternal return, trans. Willard B.
Trask (New York, 1959)
Eliade, Mircea, Myth and reality, trans. Willard R. Trask (London, 1964)
Eliade, Mircea, Patterns in comparative religion, trans. Rosemary Sheed (London,
1958)
Eliade, Mircea, Rites and symbols of initiation: the mysteries of birth and rebirth,
trans. Willard R. Trask (New York, 1965)
Eliade, Mircea, Shamanism: archaic techniques of ecstasy, trans. Willard R. Trask,
Bollingen series LXXVI (New York, 1964)
Campbell, Joseph, The way of animal powers, Historical atlas of world mythology, vol.I
(London, 1983)
Durkheim, Emile, The elementary forms of religious life, trans. Joseph Ward Swain
(London, 1964)
Gurevich, Aron I. Categories of Medieval Culture. Trans. G. L. Campbell (London,
1985).
La Fontaine, J. S., Initiation: ritual drama and secret knowledge across the
world (Harmondsworth, 1985)
Kirk, G. S., Myth: its meaning and functions in ancient and other cultures (Cambridge,
1970)
Kluckhohn, Clyde, "Myths and rituals: a general theory", published in revised form in
Reader in comparative religion; an anthropological approach, ed. William A.
Lessa and Evon Z. Vogt, 3rd ed. (New York, 1958), pp.93-105; originally
published in Harvard theological review, 35 (Jan 1942), 45-79
Lincoln, Bruce, Myth, cosmos and society: Indo-European themes of creation and
destruction (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1986)
Lincoln, Bruce, Priests, warriors and cattle (Berkeley, 1981)
Pettersson, Olof, Tro och rit (Stockholm, 1972)
Rutherford, Ward, Shamanism: the foundations of magic (Wellingborough, 1986)

Scandinavian religion
Andrén, Anders, Jennbert, Kristina and Raudvere, Catharina, eds., Ordning mot kaos: Studier
av nordisk förkristen kosmologi, (Vägar til Midgård 4) (Lund, 2004): Including: Catharina Raudvera, “Delen eller helheten: kosmologi som empiriskt och analystiskt begrepp”; Jens Peter Schjødt, “Kosmologimodeller og mytekredse”; Morten Warmind, “... á þeim meiði, er mangi veit, hvers hann af rótum renn: Kosmologi og ritualer i det førkristne Norden”; Kristina Jennbert, “Människor och djur: Kropsmetaforik och kosmologiska perspektiv”; Lotte Hedeager, “Dyr og andre mennsesker – mennesker og andre dyr: Dyreornamentikkens transcendentale realitet”, Stefan Brink, “Mytologiska run och eskatologiska föreställningar i det vikingatida Norden”, Per Vikstrand, “Berget, lunden och åkern: Om sakrala og kosmologiska landskap ur ortnamnens perspektiv”; Anders Andrén, “I skuggan av Yggdrasil: Trädet mellan idé og realitet i nordisk tradition”;
Blöndal, Sigfús, Væringjasaga (Reykjavík, 1954)
Briem, Ólafur, Heiðinn siður á Íslandi, 2nd ed., rev. (Reykjavík, 1985)
Celander, Hilding, Förkristen jul enligt norröna källor, Göteborgs Universitets årsskrift,
61.3 (1955)
Constantin VII Porphyrogénète, Le livre des cérémonies, ed. and trans. Albert Vogt, 2 vols
(Paris, 1935-1940)
Cronholm, Abraham, Wäringarna (Lund, 1832)
Davidson, H. R. Ellis, Gods and myths of Northern Europe (Harmondsworth, 1964)
Davidson, H. R. Ellis, "Hostile magic in the Icelandic sagas", in The witch figure: Folklore
essays by a group of scholars in England honouring the 75th birthday of Katherine M.
Briggs, ed. Venetia Newall (London, 1973), pp.20-41
Davidson, Hilda Ellis, The lost beliefs of Northern Europe (London, 1993)
Davidson, Hilda Ellis, Myths and symbols in pagan Europe (Syracuse, 1988)
Davidson, Hilda Ellis, Pagan Scandinavia (London, 1967)
Davidson, Hilda R. Ellis, Roles of the northern goddess (London, 1998)
Davidson, Hilda Ellis, The Viking road to Byzantium (London, 1976)
Glosecki, Stephen O., Shamanism and Old English poetry (New York, 1989)
Billington, Sandra, and Green, Miranda, The Concept of the Goddess (London, 1996),
including Stephan Grundy, “Freyja and Frigg”, Britt Mari Näsström, “Freyja: A Goddess with Many Names”, Hilda Ellis Davidson, “Milk and the Northern Goddess”, Juliette Wood, “The Concept of the Goddess”

Grimm, Jakob, Teutonic Mythology, I, trans. James Steven Stallybrass. (London, 1882)

Jennbert, Kristina, Andrén, Anders, and Raudvere, Catharina, eds., Plats og Praxis: Studier
av nordisk förkristen ritual (Lund, 2002): Catharina Raudvere: “Mellan liv og text: Ordets makt som litterärt motiv och rituell praktik i norrön litteratur”; Britt Mari Näsström, “I livets skeden: Om passageriter i fornskandinavisk religion”; Gro Steinsland, “Herkermaktens ritualer: Kan mytologien sette oss på spor av riter, gjenstander og kult knyttet til herskerens intronisasjon?”; Kristine Jennbert, “Djuren i nordisk förkristen ritual og myt”; Elisabeth Rudebeck, “Vägen som rituell arena”; Lars Jörgensen, “Kongsgårg- kultsted- marked: Omvejelser omkring Tissøkompleksets struktur og funktion”; Terje Gansum, “Fra jord til handling”; Anders Andrén, “Platsernas betydelse: norrön ritual och kultplatskontinuet”
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, "Blót and þing: the function of the tenth century goði",
Themos, 21 (1985), 23-38
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, Blót í norrænum sið (Reykjavík, 1997)
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, "Gátur", in Íslensk þjóðmenning, VI: Munnmenntir og bók
menning, ed. Frosti F. Jóhannesson (Reykjavík, 1989), pp.424-436
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, Kristntakan á Íslandi (Reykjavík, 1999)
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, "Norræn trú", in Íslensk þjóðmenning, V: Trúarhættir, ed.
Frosti F. Jóhannsson (Reykjavík, 1988), pp.1-73
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, A piece of horse liver, trans. Joan Turville-Petre and Terry
Gunnell (Reykjavík, 1998)
Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, Under the Cloak, trans. Barry J. Duesbury, Jón Hannesson et
al. (Reykjavík, 1999)
Jónas Kristjánsson, ed., Ögmundar þáttr dýtts, in ÍF IX (Reykjavík, 1956), pp.LV-
LXIV and pp.109-115
KLNM: See under Kulturhistorisk leksikon for nordisk middelalder
Krappe, Alexander Haggerty, "Le legende de Gunnar Half", Acta philologica Scandinavica,
3 (1928-1929), 226-233
Kraus, Carl, "Das gotische Weihnachtsspiel" , Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen
Sprache und Literatur, 20 (1895), 224-257
Kulturhistorisk leksikon for nordisk middelalder, ed. Magnús Már Lárusson, Jakob
Benediktsson et al., 22 vols (Reykjavík, 1956-1978)
Lid, Nils, "Gudar og gudedyrking" , in Nordisk kultur, XXVI: Religionshistorie, ed. Nils
Lid (København, 1942), pp.80-153
Ledegaard, Mads, Danske høje fra sagn og tro (København, 1998)
Lindqvist, Sune, "Hednatemplet i Uppsala", in Fornvännen, 18 (1923), 85-118
Magnusson, Magnus, Hammer of the North (London, 1976)
Motz, Lotte, The king, the champion and the sorcerer, Studia Medievala Septentrionalia
(Vienna, 1999)
Müllenhoff, Karl, Deutsche Altertumskunde, 5 vols (Berlin, 1870-1900)
Müller, Sophus, "Billed- og fremstillingskunst i Bronzealderen" , Aarbøger (1920),
125-161
Neckel, Gustav, ed., and Kuhn, Hans, rev., Edda: die lieder des codex regius nebst
verwandten denkmälern, I: Text, 4th ed. (Heidelberg, 1962)
Näsström, Britt Mari, Blot: Tro och offer i det förskristna norden (Stockholm, 2001)
Olrik, Axel, Kilderne til Sakses oldhistorie, 2 vols (København, 1892-1894)
Olrik, Axel and Ellekilde, Nils, Nordens gudeverden, 2 vols (København, 1926-1951)
Olsen, Magnus, "Fra gammelnorsk myte og kultus", MM (1909), 17-36
Olsen, Magnus, Hedenske kultminder i norske stedesnavne, Videnskaps selskapets skrifter, II.
Hist.-filos. klasse, 1914, no.4 (Kristiania, 1915)
Olsen, Magnus, "Tjösnur og tjösnublót", ANF, 26 (1910), 342-346
Olsen, Magnus, "Varðlokur", MM (1916), 1-21
Olsen, Magnus, Ættegård og helligdom: norske stedsnavn sosialt og religionshistorisk
belyst (Oslo, 1926)
Olsen, Olaf, Hørg, hov og kirke, Aarbøger (1965, published in 1966)
Oxenstierna, Eric, Järnålder, guldålder (Stockholm, 1957)
Raudvere, Catharina, Kunskap och innsikt i norrön tradition (Vägar til Midgård 3) (Lund,
2003)
Robberstad, Knut, ed. and trans. into Norwegian, Gulatingslovi, 4th ed. (Oslo, 1981)
Rygh, O., Norske gaardnavne, 18 vols (Kristiania, 1897-1924)
Sahlgren, Jöran, "Hednisk gudalära och nordiska ortnamn", Namn och bygd, 38
(1950), 1-37
Schutz, Herbert, The prehistory of Germanic Europe (New Haven, 1983)
Schück, Henrik, Studier i nordisk litteratur- och religions historia, 2 vols (Stockholm,
1904)
Schück, Henrik, Studier i Ynglingatal, I-IV, Upsala Universitets årsskrift (1905-1907,
1910)
Schück, Henrik, and Warburg, Karl, Illustrerad svensk litteraturhistoria, 2nd ed., rev.,
5 vols in 6 (Stockholm, 1911-1932); 3rd ed., re-revised, 8 vols (Stockholm, 1926-
1949)
Sijmons, Barend, ed., Die Lieder der Edda, 2 vols (Halle A.S., 1866- 1906)
Simpson, Jacqueline, "Some Scandinavian sacrifices", Folklore, 78 (1967), 190-202
Sjöberg, N., "En germansk julfest i Konstantinopel på 900-talet", Fataburen (1907),
31-35
Solheim, Svale, Horse-fight and horse-race in Norse tradition (Oslo, 1956)
Steinsland, Gro, Det hellige bryllup og norrøn kongeideologi: en analyse av
hierogami-myten i Skírnismál, Ynglingatal, Háleygjatal og Hyndluljóð (Oslo,
1991)
Steinsland, Gro; Drobin, Ulf; Pentikäinen Juha; and Meulengracht Sørensen, Preben,
eds., Nordisk hedendom. Et symposium, (Odense 1991)
Ström, Folke, "Dísir, nornor, valkyrjor: fruktbarhetskult och sacralt kungdöme i Norden":
Kungl. Vitterhets histories och antivkvitets akademiens handlingar filologisk-filosofi ska serien 1 (Stockholm, 1954)
Ström, Folke, "Den döendes makt och Odin i trädet", Göteborgs Högskolas årskrift
54.2 (1947)
Ström, Folke, Nordisk hedendom, 3rd ed., rev. (Göteborg, 1985)
Strömbäck, Dag, "Att helga land. Studier i Landnáma och det äldste rituella
besittningstagandet ", in Strömbäck, Folklore och filologi (Uppsala, 1970),
pp.135-165; originally published in Festskrift tillägnad Axel Hägerström (1928),
pp.198-220
Strömbäck, Dag, "Lytir - En fornsvensk gud?", in Festskrift til Finnur Jónsson, ed.
Johs. Brøndum-Nielsen, Elof Hellquist, O. F. Hultman, Sigurður Nordal and
Magnus Olsen (København, 1928), pp.283-293
Strömbäck, Dag, Sejd, Nordiska texter och undersökningar, 5 (Stockholm, 1935)
Svava Jakobsdóttir, "Gunnlöð og hinn dýri mjöður", Skírnir, 162 (1988), 215-
245
Turville-Petre, E. O. G., "Fertility of beast and soil in Old Norse literature", in
Old Norse literature and mythology: a symposium, ed. Edgar C.Polomé (Austin,
1969), pp.244-264
Turville-Petre, E. O. G., Myth and religion of the North (London, 1964)
Vestlund, Alfred, "Åskgudens hammare förlorad: ett bidrag till nordisk ritforskning" ,
Edda, 11 (1919), 95-119
Vogt, Albert, Commentaire on Constantin VII Porphyrogénète, Le livre des cérémonies,
2 vols (Paris, 1935-1940)
de Vries, Jan, Altgermanische Religionsgeschichte , 2nd ed., rev., 2 vols, in Grundriss der
germanischen Philologie, ed. Hermann Paul, 12/I-II (Berlin, 1956-1957)
de Vries, Jan, Altnordische Literaturgeschichte , 2 vols, in Grundriss der germanischen
Philologie, ed. Hermann Paul, 15-16 (Berlin, 1941-42); 2nd ed., rev. (Berlin,
1964-1967)
de Vries, Jan, Contributions to the study of Othin especially in his relation to
agricultural practices in modern popular lore, FF communications Nr.94
(Helsinki, 1931)
Wessén, Elias, "Hästskede och lekslätte", Namn og bygd (1921), 103-131
Wilson, David, Anglo-Saxon paganism (London, 1992)

Scandinavian mythology: General and particular
Bertell, Mats, Tor och den nordiska åskan: Förställningar kring världsaxeln (Stockholm,

2003)
Bugge, Sophus, "Iduns æbler", ANF, 5 (1889), 1-45
Bugge, Sophus, "Mindre bidrag til nordisk mythologi og sagnhistorie" , Aarbøger (1895),
123-138
Chesnutt, Michael, "The beguiling of Þórr", in Úr Dölum til Dala, ed. Rory McTurk and
Andrew Wawn, Leeds texts and monographs, new series 11 (Leeds, 1989), pp.35-63
Davidson, H. R. Ellis, Gods and myths of Northern Europe (Harmondsworth, 1964)
Davidson, Hilda R. Ellis, Scandinavian mythology (London, 1969)
Dumézil, Georges, Gods of the ancient northmen (Berkeley, 1987)
Dumézil, Georges, From myth to fiction: the saga of Hadingus (Chicago, 1973)
Dumézil, Georges, The stakes of the warrior, trans. David Weeks, ed. Jaan Puhvel
(Berkeley, 1983)
Finnur Magnússon (as Finn Magnusen), Veterum borealium mythologiæ lexicon
(Havniæ, 1828); published also in Edda Saemundar hins froða, ed. Finnur
Magnússon and others, 3 vols (Havniæ, 1787-1828), III, pp.272-1142
Grundtvig, Nikolai Fred. Sev., Nordens mythologi, eller sindbilled- sprog, 3rd ed.
(Kiøbenhavn, 1870)
Grönbech, Vilhelm, The culture of the Teutons, 3 vols in 2, trans. W. Worster
(London, 1932)
Haraldur Bessason and Baldur Hafstað, eds. Heiðin minni: greinar um fornar bókmenntir
(Reykjavík, 1999): Including: Kurt Schier, “Loki og Heimdallur: Athugusemdir um
eðli og uppruna tveggja torræða goða”; Haraldur Bessason, “Um rúm og tíma í Völuspá”, Hermann Pálsson, “Vargur á tölti: drög að norrænni tröllafræði”; Gísli Sigurðsson, “Ein sat hún úti: Leitar Óðinn þekkingar hjá völvunni eða opnast henni sýn fyrir tilstilli Óðins?”; Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, “Blótminni í Landnámabók”
Holtsmark, Anne, "Myten om Idun og Tjatse i Tjoldovs Haustlong", ANF, 64 (1949), 1-
73
Höfler, Otto, Verwandlungskulte, Volksagen und Mythen, Österreichische Akademie der
Wissenschaften, philosophisch- historiche Klasse, Sitzungsberichte, 279. Band, 2.
Abhandlung (Wien, 1973)
Haraldur Bessason and Baldur Hafstað, eds. Heiðin minni: greinar um fornar bókmenntir
(Reykjavík, 1999)
Harris, Joseph, "Ögmundar þáttr dytts ok Gunnars helmings. Unity and literary
relations", ANF, 90 (1975), 156-182
Harris Joseph, and Hill, Thomas D., "Gestr's `prime sign': source and signification in
Norna- Gests þáttr", ANF, 104 (1989), 103-122
Holtsmark, Anne, "Myten om Idun og Tjatse i Tjoldovs Haustlong", ANF, 64 (1949), 1-73
Jónas Kristjánsson, ed., Ögmundar þáttr dýtts, in ÍF IX (Reykjavík, 1956), pp.LV-
LXIV and pp.109-115
KLNM: See under Kulturhistorisk leksikon for nordisk middelalder
Krappe, Alexander Haggerty, "Le legende de Gunnar Half", Acta philologica
Scandinavica, 3 (1928-1929), 226-233
Kress, Helga, Máttugar meyjar; Íslensk fornbókmenntasaga (Reykjavík 1993)
Kulturhistorisk leksikon for nordisk middelalder, ed. Magnús Már Lárusson, Jakob
Benediktsson et al., 22 vols (Reykjavík, 1956-1978)
Lindow, John, Handbook of Nordic Mythology (Santa Barbara, 2001)
Lindow, John, Murder and Vengeance among the gods; Baldr in Scandinavian
mythology, FF Communications, 262 (Helsinki, 1997)
Lindow, John, Scandinavian mythology: an annotated bibliography (New York, 1988)
Lindow, John, "Addressing Thor", Scandinavian Studies (1988), 119-136
Lindow, John, "Thor's Duel with Hrungnir", Alvíssmál, 6 (1996), 3-20
Lindow, John, "Thor's hamarr", Journal of English and Germanic Philology, 93.4 (1994),
485-503
Magnusson, Magnus, Hammer of the North (London, 1976)
Martin, John Stanley, Ragnarök: an investigation into Old Norse concepts of the fate of
the gods, Melbourne monographs in Germanic studies, 3 (Assen, 1972)
McKinnell, John, Both One and Many: Essays on Change and Variety in Late Norse
Heathenism (Rome, 1994)
Näsström, Britt-Mari, Freyja, the great goddess of the north (Lund, 1995)
Nordberg, Anders, Krigarna i Odins sal: Dödsföreställningar och krigarkult i fornnordisk
religion (Stockholm, 2003)

Orchard, Andy, Cassell’s Dictionary of Norse Myth and Legend (London, 1998)

Perkins, Richard, Thor the Wind Raiser and the Eyrarland Image (London, 2001)
Ross, Margaret Clunies, Prolonged Echoes: Old Norse myths in medieval Northern
society: I: The myths (Odense, 1994)
Ross, Margaret Clunies, Skáldskaparmál. Snorri Sturluson's ars poetica and medieval
theories of language, The viking collection, 4 (Odense, 1987)
Schjödt, Jens Peter, "Horizontale und vertikale Aschen in der vorchristlichen skandinavischen
Kosmologie", Old Norse and Finnish Religions and Cultic Placenames, ed. Tore Albäck (Åbo, 1990), ****
Schjødt, Jens Peter, Den Förkristne Norden: Religion og mytologi (Köbenhavn, 1999)

Schjødt, Jens Peter: Initiation, Liminalitet og tilegnelse af numinøs viden: En undersøgelse af
struktur og symbolik i førkristen nordisk religion (Århus, 2003)
Schjødt, Jens Peter, "Relationen mellem aser og vaner og dens ideologiske implikationer" ,
Nordisk hedendom: Et symposium, ed. Gro Steinsland, Ulf drobin, Juha Pentikäinen and Preben Meulengracht Sørensen (Odense, 1991), 303-319
Simek, Rudolf, Hugtök og heiti í norrænni goðafræði, trans. Ingunn Ásdísardóttir, ed. Heimir
Pálsson (Reykjavík, 1993)
Simek, Rudolf, A Dictionary of Northern Mythology, trans. Angela Hall (Cambridge, 1996)
Rudolf Simek and Wilhelm Heizmann, Mythological women: Studies in memory of Lotte
Motz (1922-1997) (Wien, 2002), including: Margrethe Watt, “Images of Women on “Guldgubber” from the Merovingian Age”; Rudolf Simek, “Goddesses, Mothers, Dísir: Iconography and Interpretation of the Female Deity in Scandinavia in the First Millenium”; Else Mundal, “Giantesses and Female Powers in Völuspá”; Anatoly Libermann, “What Happened to the Female Dwarfs?”; John McKinnell, “Þorgerður Hölgabrúður and Hyndluljóð”; Lise Præstgaard Anderson, “On Valkyries, Shield Maidens and Other Armed Woman in Old Norse Sources and Saxo Grammaticus”

Ström, Folke, "Den döendes makt och Odin i trädet", Göteborgs Högskolas årskrift
54.2 (1947)
Ström, Folke, Nordisk hedendom, 3rd ed., rev. (Göteborg, 1985), unless otherwise
stated
Svava Jakobsdóttir, "Gunnlöð og hinn dýri mjöður", Skírnir, 162 (1988), 215-
245
Turville-Petre, E. O. G., "Fertility of beast and soil in Old Norse literature", in
Old Norse literature and mythology: a symposium, ed. Edgar C.Polomé (Austin,
1969), pp.244-264
Turville-Petre, E. O. G., Myth and religion of the North (London, 1964)
Vestlund, Alfred, "Åskgudens hammare förlorad: ett bidrag till nordisk ritforskning" ,
Edda, 11 (1919), 95-119

The Poetic Edda and Other poetry
Blindheim, Martin, ed., Sigurds saga i middelalderens billedkunst (Oslo, 1972)
Bibire, Paul, "Freyr and Gerðr: the story and its myths", in Sagnaskemmtun: studies in
honour of Hermann Pálsson, ed. Rudolf Simek, Jónas Kristjánsson and Hans
Bekker-Nielsen (Wien, 1986), pp.19-40
Clover, Carol, "Hárbarðsljóð as generic farce", SS, 51 (1979), 124-145
The Codex Regius of the Elder Edda, MS no.2365 4to in the old Royal collection of the
Royal Library of Copenhagen, introduced by Andreas Heusler, Corpus codicum
Islandicorum medii aevi, X (Copenhagen, 1937)
Davidson, H. R. Ellis "Insults and riddles in the Edda poems", in Edda: a collection of
essays, ed. Robert J. Glendinning and Haraldur Bessason (Manitoba, 1983),
pp.25-46
Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning, ed. Finnur Jónsson, 4 vols (A.I-II, B.I-II) (Køben
haven, 1912-1915)
Dronke, Ursula, "Art and tradition in Skírnismál", in English and medieval studies
presented to J. R. R. Tolkien on the occasion of his 70th birthday, ed. Norman
Davis and C. L. Wrenn (London, 1962), pp.250-268
Edda: die lieder des codex regius nebst verwandten denkmälern, I: text, ed. Gustav
Neckel, 4th ed., rev. Hans Kuhn (Heidelberg, 1962)
Eddadigte, ed. Jón Helgason, 3 vols, in Nordisk filologi, serie A: tekster: I: Völuspá.
Hávamál, 2nd ed. (København, 1964), II: Gudedigte, 2nd ed. (København, 1971), III: Heltedigte, første del (København, 1961)
Eddica minora, ed. Andreas Heusler and Wilhelm Ranisch (Dortmund, 1903)
Einar Ólafur Sveinsson, Íslenzkar bókmenntir í fornöld, 1 vol. printed (Reykjavík, 1962)
Ejder, Bertil, "Eddadikten Vafþrúðnismál", Vetenskaps Societeten i Lund. Årsbok
(1960), 5-20
Fleck, Jere, "The `knowledge criterion' in the Grímnismál: the case against `shamanism'" ,
ANF, 86 (1971), 49-65
Fritzner, Johan, Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog, 2nd ed., 3 vols (Kristiania, 1886-
1896)
Gunnell, Terry (2003: forthcoming) . “The Coming of the Dísir: The Winter Nights, the
Dísablót and Hallowe’en in Scandinavian Belief”. Cosmos.
Gunnell, Terry, The origins of drama in Scandinavia (Woodbridge, 1995)
Gurevich, A. Ya., "On the nature of the comic in the Elder Edda", Mediaeval
Scandinavia (1976), 127-180
Guðbrandur Vigfússon, and Powell, F. York, ed. and trans., Corpvs Poeticvm
Boreale: the poetry of the Old Northern tongue from the earliest times to the thir
teenth century, 2 vols (Oxford, 1883)
Haugen, Einar, "The Edda as ritual: Odin and his masks", in Edda: a collection of essays,
ed. Robert J. Glendinning and Haraldur Bessason (Manitoba, 1983), pp.3-24
Hollander, Lee M., trans. and ed., The Poetic Edda, 2nd ed., rev. (Austin, 1962)
Höfler, Otto, "Das Opfer im Semnonenhain und die Edda", in Edda, Skalden, Saga:
Festschrift zum 70. geburtstag von FelixGenzmer, ed.Hermann Schneider
(Heidelberg, 1952), 1-67
Jón Helgason, ed., Eddadigte, 3 vols, in Nordisk filologi, serie A: tekster: I:
Völuspá. Hávamál, 2nd ed. (København, 1964), II: Gudedigte, 3rd ed.
(Oslo, 1971), III: Heltedigte, første del (København, 1961)
Jónas Kristjánsson, Edda and saga (Reykjavík, 1988)
Kragerud, Alv, "De mytologiske spørsmål i Fåvnesmål", ANF, 96 (1981), 9-48
Kress, Helga, Máttugar meyjar; Íslensk fornbókmenntasaga (Reykjavík 1993)
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